27 iul. 2011

Merce Cunningham


27 iulie  2009, a murit Merce Cunningham, coregraf si dansator american care a revolutionat lumea dansului contemporan.



Nascut la 16 aprilie 1919 in Centralia, statul Washington, dansatorul care a eliberat dansul si muzica, decorul si naratiunea, a fost fiu de avocat si a studiat teatrul si dansul intre anii 1937 si 1939 la Cornish School, in Seattle. In anii '50, incepe o lunga colaborare cu muzicianul John Cage, de care a ramas legat pana la moartea acestuia, in 1992.



Cunningham isi face debutul in coregrafie in 1944, la New York. In 1953, fondeaza Merce Cunningham Dance Company, o comunitate de artisti din Carolina de Nord.






Cunningham a fost creatorul a peste 200 de miscari de dans si a peste 800 de coregrafii. Cu doar sase saptamani in urma, maestrul anunta un plan pentru conservarea mostenirii sale coregrafice.



Inca din anii '50, Cunningham a dinamitat codurile baletului clasic. Astfel, dansatorul nu se mai deplaseaza in functie de ceea ce se petrece pe scena, ci devine el insusi un centru. "Spre deosebire de dansatorul clasic, eu estimez toate miscarile posibile", marturisea Merce Cunningham.



Mare parte a vieţii sale, Cunningham a fost considerat a fi unul dintre cei mai mari dansatori americani.



De-a lungul carierei sale, el a influenţat artişti din diferite domenii, printre care muzicienii John Cage şi David Tudor, designerul Romeo Gigli şi arhitectul Benedetta Tagliabue.




În calitate de coregraf, profesor şi lider al Merce Cunningham Dance Company, el a influenţat profund dansul modern. Printre dansatorii care s-au format sub îndrumarea acestuia şi au pus apoi bazele unor alte companii se numără Paul Taylor, Trisha Brown, Lucinda Childs, Karole Armitage, Foofwa d'Immobilité şi Jonah Bokaer.









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