5 apr. 2011

Irwin Allen Ginsberg


1997
Allen Ginsberg moartea lui la vârsta de 70 de ani

Scriitor şi inspirator al mişcării hippie 
Irwin Allen Ginsberg (3 iunie 1926, Paterson, New Jersey - 5 aprilie 1997) a fost un poet american postbelic, aparţinând aşa numitei generaţii beat. Este cunoscut pentru celebrul poem postmodern Howl.
Şi-a manifestat deschis dezaprobarea faţă de Războiul din Vietnam.

Tatăl lui Ginsberg a fost fiul unui profesor şi poet, Louis Ginsburg, iar mama a fost o femeie cu convingeri comuniste, care s-a îmbolnăvit psihic şi a murit destul de tânără.
După terminarea studiilor de drept la Universitatea Columbia a avut diferite slujbe, de exemplu critic literar la revista Newsweek.
Publicarea în 1956 a cărţii „Howl and Other Poems” l-a identificat imediat ca adept al generaţiei beat, lucrările sale ulterioare fiind şi ele împotriva materialismul american şi pentru găsirea unei noi forme de exprimare. Mare iubitor de călătorie, Ginsburg a trăit să vadă sfârşitul generaţiei beat, în ultimii ani stilul său literar putând fi descris ca antiautoritar.

A fost influenţat de William Blake şi Walt Whitman. Poeziile sale au trăsături individuliste şi anarhice, violent protestatare faţă de civilizaţia tehnică, exprimând oroarea tragică faţă de excesele societăţii de consum.

Scrieri

Howl ("Urletul"), 1956
Kaddish and Other Poems ("Kaddish şi alte poeme"), 1958-1960; San Francisco (City Lights Books) 1961
Reality Sandwiches ("Sandvişuri cu realitate"), 1963
Jukebox All'Idrogeno ("Tonomat cu hidrogen"), 1965
Planet News 1961-1967; San Francisco (City Lights Books) 1968
Empty Mirror; New York (Cornith Books) 1970
The Fall of America, 1972
Improvised Poetics; San Francisco (Anonym Press) 1972
Mind Breaths. Poems 1972-1977; San Francisco (City Lights Books) 1977
As Ever. The collected correspondence of Allen Ginsberg and Neal Cassady; Berkley, California (Creative Arts Book) 1977
Composed on the Tongue; Bolinal, California (Grey Fox Press) 1980
Collected Poems 1947-1997; New York (HarperCollins Publishers) 2006.
În ultimii ani de viaţă a fost budist, după ce s-a împrietenit cu maestrul de meditaţie de budism tibetan Chögyam Trungpa.
Ginsberg nu şi-a ascuns niciodată homosexualitatea, trăind timp de 40 de ani cu partenerul său, poetul Peter Orlovsky.
Allen Ginsberg a murit de cancer la ficat, la vârsta de 70 de ani. Cartea sa publicată în 1956, Howl, va fi o sursa de inspiratie pentru artisti ca Bob Dylan, Jerry Garcia, Patti Smith si The Cure si a devenit cartea preferata a mişcării "bate". 







Father Death Blues  

Hey Father Death, I'm flying home
Hey poor man, you're all alone
Hey old daddy, I know where I'm going

Father Death, Don't cry any more
Mama's there, underneath the floor
Brother Death, please mind the store

Old Aunty Death Don't hide your bones
Old Uncle Death I hear your groans
O Sister Death how sweet your moans

O Children Deaths go breathe your breaths
Sobbing breasts'll ease your Deaths
Pain is gone, tears take the rest

Genius Death your art is done
Lover Death your body's gone
Father Death I'm coming home

Guru Death your words are true
Teacher Death I do thank you
For inspiring me to sing this Blues

Buddha Death, I wake with you
Dharma Death, your mind is new
Sangha Death, we'll work it through

Suffering is what was born
Ignorance made me forlorn
Tearful truths I cannot scorn

Father Breath once more farewell
Birth you gave was no thing ill
My heart is still, as time will tell.



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